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Controlled Traffic Farming

Controlled traffic farming is a crop production system that seeks to minimize compaction from wheel traffic by restricting all equipment to permanent traffic lanes. The goal is to restrict wheel traffic to the least possible area within each field so crops can grow in uncompacted seedbeds.

This is accomplished by matching up all equipment widths and axle widths so every farming activity travels down the same path each year. The result is a reduction in inputs (time, fuel, and machinery), an increase in efficiency (moisture, nutrients, and sunlight) and an increase in output (yield).

Benefits of Controlled Traffic Farming


• CTF takes time to maximize benefits

• CTF is not tram lines or prescriptive tillage

• Balanced soil fertility, soil health program will increase the benefits of all technology decisions that are successfully proven and experienced


1. Size machinery to multiples width Example 36 M sprayer, 18 M seeder, 9 M grain table 9-meter ripper, 18-meter field cultivator

2. Use RTK, store AB lines and follow every year

3. Develop areas for trucks to stay on edge of a field and never in the field, use modern grain carts

4. Tire and axle spacing to fit between the rows

5. Use grain carts and practice dump on the go field procedures to keep the combined light

6. Do not work wet soils

7. Planter tractors with narrow duals or triples

8. Tillage tractors, tracks, wide duals

9. Grain carts, combines, as many tires or tracks possible

10. Remove “excessive” weights from tractors when not needed. Ex. Grain cart, Seedbed prep, Seeder

11. Sprayers for corn with narrow tires travel with seeder tractor

12. Use sprayers for wheat, wider booms, can drive pattern from before

13. Adopt Strip tillage, no-till technology

14. Use correct cover crop methods


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